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10 states where driving has plummeted

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CarInsurance.com

Empty highwayIt may be hard to believe, especially when you're stuck on the interstate in the middle of rush-hour traffic, but Americans are driving far less today than they were just a few years ago.

Since 2004, per-capita driving has fallen by double digits in 10 states and declined at least somewhat in nearly all of them.

It's not just the recession, experts say. The trend has been fueled by a wide range of factors, including the economic downturn, high gas prices, growth in urban areas, telecommuting, e-commerce and the Millennials' shift away from car culture.

"All seem to be moving in the same direction. I don't know if we'll ever know which is more responsible than the others" for the decline, says Phineas Baxandall, author of "Moving off the Road: A State-by-State Analysis of the National Decline in Driving," for the U.S. Public Research Interest Group.

Overall, per-capita miles driven have dropped 7.4 percent between their peak in 2004 and the end of 2012. That's a stark contrast to previous decades, where the number of miles driven rose regularly. In 1960, the average American drove about 4,000 miles a year, according to the Federal Highway Administration. By 2004, that number had risen to 10,120. In 2011, the average American drove 9,455 miles.

"The kind of 60-year driving boom we saw after World War II appears to be over," Baxandall says.

These are the places where the decrease is most pronounced:

State2011 milesChange
Per capita Since 2005
D.C. 5,774 -14.40%
Wisconsin* 9,525 -12.14%
Delaware 9,952 -11.71%
Georgia 11,050 -11.68%
Colorado 9,108 -11.40%
Florida 10,067 -11.13%
Oregon 8,619 -11.05%
Pennsylvania 7,785 -10.44%
South Carolina 10,414 -10.36%
Texas 9,248 -10.10%

*The state of Wisconsin's internal numbers show a decline of only 5.5 percent

You can see the entire 50-state list here.

Recession is only partly to blame

"The nature of the economy is certainly a factor," says Steven Polzin, director of mobility policy at the Center for Urban Transportation Research at the University of South Florida.

Heavy vehicle traffic has declined, especially in urban areas, people are traveling less for social and recreational purposes, and young people in particular are financially strapped, Polzin says.

If GDP starts growing at a brisk pace, he expects driving to pick up as Americans travel more and increase driving for reasons other than work.

But the economy is by no means the sole reason for the decline. The dip in driving started well before the great recession, and is continuing long after its end. The most recent driving data, through May 2013, shows Americans drove a half-billion fewer miles compared to the previous 12 months.

Where the miles are stacking up

At one extreme of the trend is North Dakota, where miles per capita soared more than 12 percent since 2004. An energy boom has driven the nation's fastest-growing economy for the past three years.

"Every place has its own story," Baxandall says.

On the other hand, of the 10 states with the biggest driving declines, only two were among the states with the biggest increases in unemployment.

While annual mileage has risen dramatically in North Dakota, it is residents of Wyoming who drive the most -- by far -- at more than 16,000 miles per year. Only Alabama, North Dakota and Mississippi even come close, around 13,000 miles a year each.

At the other end of the spectrum are the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, New York, Rhode Island and Pennsylvania, which rack up fewer than 8,000 miles per person.

Researchers sliced the data many different ways in search of a pattern. They found many:

Urban vs. rural. The 10 most rural states averaged 11,708 miles annually per capita; the 10 most urbanized just 8,220.

Income: Higher-income states drive fewer miles per capita. The bottom 25 states by income averaged 10,744; the top 25 just 9,301.

Age: The decline in driving has been most pronounced for those between the ages of 20 and 39, says Polzin, as Millennials trade suburbia for city life. "This group feels the (economic) stress more," he says.

Telecommuting: Vermont and Idaho are among the states with the highest percentage of home-based workers -- but both rack up miles well above the national average. Researchers say the option of telecommuting may lead some people to choose more rural locations -- which means they must drive further to shop, eat and make periodic trips into the office for meetings.

Fewer miles, bigger car insurance discounts

A drop in driving can lead to a drop in your auto insurance rates. The fewer miles you drive, the less your risk of getting in an accident.

Car insurance discounts for low mileage can come in a variety of ways. Some car insurance companies will simply adjust your base rates, but others will call out the discount on a separate line on your declarations page.

CarInsurance.com consumer analyst Penny Gusner says the typical discount is 5 to 15 percent off your collision and liability premiums. The discounts start at some companies at 10,000 miles or less, and others not until 7,500 miles or less.

Some companies may require verification of your mileage. That could come from several sources: a form that you fill out; a photo you take and mail in; or service and emissions records.

If you drive an even smaller number of miles, usage-based plans such as Progressive's Snapshot might save you even more.

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