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Infant & Small Child CPR



CPR can save a life. The life you save might be your child's. There are differences between CPR given to adults and CPR given to infants or small child.

An infant is defined as a child younger than 1 month. Since an infant is so small the CPR technique for them has some minor changes from the technique used on a child. The difference is to give even smaller breaths. Give just enough breath to just get the chest to rise. Use only 2 fingers to compress the chest down about 1 inch.

Doing CPR on children age 1 year up through age 7 is similar to doing CPR on adults. There are differences though to be aware of. You will see these differences listed below but just to highlight them here they are:

1) When you give 2 breaths, you give only enough air to make the chest rise.
2)When compressing the chest use the heel of only 1 hand instead of the normal 2 hands. Again like the infant only compress the chest down about 1 inch.
3) Perform 5 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths for about 1 minute then check to see if the child is breathing normally, coughing or moving. If not continue performing CPR until help arrives.

Here are the full steps for Infant and Small Child CPR:

Shout and Tap

Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder. If there is no response, position the infant on his or her back.

Open The Airway

Open the airway, using a head tilt by lifting the chin. Do not tilt the head too far back.

Give 2 Breaths

If the baby/small child is NOT breathing give 2 small gentle breathes. Cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth. Each breath should be 1.5 to 2 seconds long. You should see the baby's chest rise with each breath.

Determine Pulselessness

Try to feel for a pulse in the inside of upper arm.

Give 5 Compressions

Give five gentle chest compressions at the rate of 100 per minute. Position your 3rd and 4th fingers in the center of the chest half an inch below the nipples. Press down only 1/2 to 1 inches. The greatest change from adult to child is that it is a ratio of five compressions to one breath (5:1 not 15:2 as in adult).


Repeat with 1 breath and 5 compressions. After one minute of repeated cycles call 911. If you feel a pulse return give one breath every 3 seconds and discontinue chest compressions.

Sudden cardiac arrest is uncommon in most children. This type of cardiac arrest usually happens in children when there is a lack of oxygen caused by breathing problems such as respiratory infections, chocking or near-drowning.Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is less common for children than it is for adults. Because of this it is best to start performing CPR for 1 minute before calling 911 for the emergency squad. This way your are already performing trying to get blood flowing to the heart and brain and then while checking for breathing from the child you can then call on the phone.

Just as with adult CPR it is a good time to think about your total life. Time to look over and make sure if anything happened to you or your child that your finances are in a good state. Look over your health, home, life and car insurance policies. Do they have everything included on them that you need in case of an emergency?Yes, even your auto insurance is important. If you have to follow an ambulance to the hospital you don't want to be worried about your insurance policies.


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