Every company has specific rules regarding this. At CarInsurance.com we have one company that allows foreigners with an out of state license to get insurance and then they require you to get an in state license within 30 days. We have another company that requires you to have a current in state license before they will issue a policy.
Most companies should allow you to start your insurance with an international license.
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Comment Update: Unfortunately there is no "master list" of companies that do and do not offer insurance with an international or out of state license. You can contact our call center and they can give you an immediate quote in about 5 minutes. They can answer these questions quickly and efficiently.