It is always possible that your state may learn about this incident. If they do and if it was your first ticket, you might not see any change in your rates.
Most states have reciprocal arrangements and provide ticket information to the driver's home state. Some states are members of the driver's license agreement (DLA) which means they share information between their motor vehicle departments. Members of this agreement have different rules to what they transfer over and if points are accessed, etc.
Some states have laws governing when and why auto insurers can change policyholders' premiums; often, insurers are not allowed to raise your rates after just one speeding ticket or other citation. Different companies have different practices when it comes to raising premiums. Some companies will consider the severity of your violation and raise your rates accordingly; others will raise rates a specific amount per violation.
Get car insurance quotes here to determine how this could affect your premiums.
Comment Update: The only way an insurer will recognize an out of state ticket is if the state is in a state that shares information with the resident state. If they are, then the state where the offense occurs will notify the license state. If not, then your license state will not have this on the record. If you search our auto insurance answers you will find state specific questions where we have answered questions to tell consumers which states share information between states.
Basically, if it doesn't show up on your resident driving record the insurance company will not know about it.