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Minimum liability car insurance requirements by state


To drive legally in nearly every state you must carry liability car insurance. Liability coverage kicks in if you're at fault for an accident and you hurt someone or damage someone's property. It has two parts:

  • bodily injury liability (BI), which pays for injuries to others
  • property damage liability (PD), which pays for damage to someone else’s car or property

Each state requires you to have a minimum level of liability coverage, though you can buy more to ensure you’re fully protected if you cause an accident. In many cases, raising your liability limits is strongly encouraged. Liability insurance is commonly shown in the following format: 20/40/10. The first two numbers refer to bodily injury liability limits and the third number to property damage liability. In this example, 20/40/10 means coverage up to $20,000 for each person injured in an accident, up to a maximum of $40,000 for the entire accident, and $10,000 worth of coverage for property damage.

Liability insurance doesn't cover your own injuries or damage to your own property.

In some states, other coverages are required in addition to liability. These may include personal injury protection (PIP), uninsured motorist coverage (UM) and underinsured motorist coverage (UIM).

Minimum liability car insurance requirements by state

State Minimum car insurance limits
Alabama Liability: 25/50/25
Alaska Liability: 50/100/25
Arizona Liability: 15/30/10
Arkansas Liability: 25/50/25
California Liability: 15/30/5
Colorado Liability: 25/50/15
Connecticut Liability: 20/40/10
UM/UIM BI: 20/40
Delaware Liability: 15/30/10
PIP: 15/30
District of Columbia  Liability: 25/50/10
UM BI: 25/50
UMPD: $5,000

Liability: 10/20/10
PIP: $10,000
BI liability not required by Florida but many carriers require 10/20

Georgia  Liability: 25/50/25
Hawaii  Liability: 20/40/10
PIP or PPO: $10,000
Idaho Liability: 25/50/15
Illinois  Liability: 25/50/20
UM BI: 25/50
Indiana Liability: 25/50/10
Iowa Liability: 20/40/15
Kansas   Liability: 25/50/25
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
PIP: $4,500 medical/$900 work loss
Kentucky Liability: 25/50/10
PIP: $10,000
Louisiana Liability: 15/30/25
Maine Liability: 50/100/25
UM/UIM BI: 50/100
Medical payments: $2,000
Maryland  Liability: 30/60/15
UM/UIM BI: 30/60
UMPD: $15,000
PIP $2,500
Massachusetts  Liability: 20/40/5
UM/UIM BI: 20/40
PIP: $8,000
Michigan Liability: 20/40/10
PIP: Medical and work loss
PPI: $1,000,000
Minnesota  Liability: 30/60/10
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
PIP: $40,000
Mississippi Liability: 25/50/25
Missouri  Liability: 25/50/10
UM BI: 25/50
Montana Liability: 25/50/20
Nebraska  Liability: 25/50/25
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
Nevada Liability: 15/30/10
New Hampshire* Liability: 25/50/25
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
Medical payments: $1,000
*Insurance not mandatory in New Hampshire
New Jersey  Liability: 15/30/5 (standard policy)
UM/UIM BI: 15/30
UMPD: $5,000
PIP: $15,000
New Mexico  Liability: 25/50/10
New York Liability: 25/50/10
UM BI: 25/50
PIP: $50,000
North Carolina  Liability: 30/60/25
UM BI: 30/60
UMPD: $25,000
North Dakota  Liability: 25/50/25
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
PIP: $30,000
Ohio Liability: 25/50/25
Oklahoma Liability: 25/50/25
Oregon  Liability: 25/50/20
UM BI: 25/50
PIP: $15,000
Pennsylania Liability: 15/30/5
First party benefits (PIP): $5,000
Rhode Island Liability: 25/50/25
South Carolina Liability: 25/50/25
UM BI: 25/50
UMPD: $25,000
South Dakota  Liability: 25/50/25
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
Tennessee Liability: 25/50/15
Texas  Liability: 30/60/25
Utah  Liability: 25/65/15
PIP: $3,000
Vermont  Liability: 25/50/10
UM/UIM BI: 50/100
UMPD: $10,000
Virginia  Liability: 25/50/20
UM/UIM BI: 25/50
UMPD: $20,000
Washington Liability: 25/50/10
West Virginia Liability: 25/50/25
UM BI: 25/50
UMPD: $25,000
Wisconsin Liability: 25/50/10
UM BI: 25/50
Wyoming Liability: 25/50/20

Source: Property Casualty Insurers Association of America and Insurance Information Institute; state departments of insurance and motor vehicles.

Key to acronyms:

  • UM: Uninsured motorist coverage
  • UIM: Underinsured motorist coverage
  • UM BI: Uninsured motorist bodily injury coverage
  • UMPD: Uninsured motorist property damage coverage
  • PIP: Personal injury protection
  • PPI: Property protection insurance (applies only to Michigan)
  • BI liability: Bodily injury liability


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1 Responses to "Minimum liability car insurance requirements by state"
  1. Maureen

    Why do I need to pay for PIP? I'm 69 years old, I have NO dependents; I'm retired. I have 2 life insurance policies, health insurance, etc. The cost of PIP is very expensive for me on a limited budget.

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