Most states share information with regards to violation convictions received out of state with the licensing state of the motorist nowadays, whether it is due to being part of the Drivers License Compact (DLC), Non-Resident Violator Compact (NRVC) or a state's own separate agreement their Motor Vehicle administration has made with other states.
The members of the DLC include all states except Georgia, Massachusetts, Michigan, Tennessee and Wisconsin though these states may still have their own agreements with other states to exchange information regarding traffic tickets.
The Driver License Compact was created to provide greater uniformity among the member jurisdictions when exchanging information with other members on convictions, records, licenses, withdrawals, and other data pertinent to the licensing process. The basic tenet of this Compact is that each driver, nationwide, should have only one driver license and one driver control record (DCR).
All states are members of the NRVC except Alaska, California, Michigan, Montana, Oregon and Wisconsin. The purpose of the NRVC is to standardize methods utilized by the various jurisdictions to process non-resident violators receiving citations, and their failure to appear or otherwise failure to comply with outstanding moving traffic summons.
This compact allows participating jurisdictions to inform each other's motor vehicle administrations when a driver did not comply with the terms of their citation. Once the home jurisdiction motor vehicle administrator receives notice of a resident's citation noncompliance, the procedure for license suspension should be initiated.
Currently the DLC and the NRVC are being revised and combined into the new Driver License Agreement (DLA). In the effort to establish a one driver, one record system, the DLA hopes to be a more efficient and effective agreement for the jurisdictions to share and transmit driver and conviction information.
The goals of the DLA are to require each state to honor licenses issued by other member states; to require each state to report traffic convictions to the licensing state; to prohibit a member state from confiscating an out-of-state driver's license or jailing an out-of-state driver for a minor violation; and to require each state to maintain a complete driver's history, including withdrawals and traffic convictions including non-DLA states.
So far Connecticut, Massachusetts and Arkansas have signed up as members of the DLA with legislature in many other states pending. In addition, unlike the DLC and NRVC, the Provinces and Territories of Canada as well as the States/Federal District of Mexico can participate in the DLA.
There is also the National Driver Register (NDR) which all states and the District of Columbia report information to. The NDR contains records on those who have had their licenses revoked or suspended, or who have been convicted of serious traffic violations (i.e. DUI) throughout the United States.
When a person applies for a driver's license the state DMV checks to see if that driver's name is on the NDR file. If that person has been reported to the NDR as a problem driver, a license may be denied until the issue has taken care of and their license has been reinstated in the state that has the hold on their license.
For information on what states your home state shares information with check with your Department of Motor Vehicles. You cannot have a suspended license in any state and move to another state to get a license.