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Utah and Minnesota are the best places for driving in 2019. Those states offer affordable auto insurance and low crash-related fatality rates.

On the other end, The Golden State’s roads aren’t exactly paved with gold. California ranked last in our report. Gas prices, road conditions, and congestion make California the worst state to drive.

Each state was scored on the following factors:

  • Insurance costs: Percentage of annual income spent on car insurance
  • Traffic fatalities: Deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled
  • Extra costs associated with road conditions: Annual extra vehicle repairs/operating costs due to driving on roads in need of fixing per motorist
  • Traffic congestion: Public road mileage and the number of registered vehicles
  • Gas: Average regular gas prices
  • Roads: Percentage of roads in poor/mediocre condition
  • Uninsured drivers: Percentage of uninsured motorists
  • Car repair costs: The average cost of car repairs (both parts and labor)

What we found was that no one state aced or failed every metric. Instead, states may perform excellently in one category and come near the bottom in another.

Our analysis found that Utah is the top state in 2019. Utah finished sixth in our report in 2018. The reason for Utah’s top performance: Low crash-related fatalities and excellent road conditions, as well as lower-than-average congestion, uninsured drivers, and auto insurance costs.

Last year’s winner, Minnesota, finished a close second this year. The difference between Utah and Minnesota were the road conditions. Only one-quarter of Utah’s roads are in poor or mediocre condition. That’s compared to slightly more than half of Minnesota’s.

Utah ranked best state for driving

Best Drivers by State for 2019

1. Utah

2. Minnesota

3. North Dakota

4. Maine

5. Nebraska

6. Vermont

7. New Hampshire

8. Iowa

9. Massachusetts

10. Virginia

From last year’s top five, only Ohio didn’t make this year’s top 10. Ohio, which came in fourth last year, finished 15th in 2019.

On the other end, California ranked the worst state. California finished last after coming in 47th place in 2018. The Golden State ranked highly in driving-related fatalities but performed poorly in every other category.

Arkansas, the 2018 lowest-ranked state, improved its rating to 48th. Arkansas performed poorly in every category except for congestion and repair costs.

Meanwhile, the 50th ranked state, Louisiana, escaped being last this year thanks in part to its low gas prices. Louisiana has one of the lowest average gas price in the country ($2.55).

Louisiana drivers pay about $1.50 less on average for a regular gallon of gas than California, which has the highest gas prices.

Worst Drivers by State for 2019

California ranked worst state for driving51. California

50. Louisiana

49. Mississippi

48. Arkansas

47. Oklahoma

46. Rhode Island

45. Texas

44. Connecticut

43. Delaware

42. Florida

Each of the bottom five states in last year’s list are represented in the bottom 10 for 2019.

Best and Worst States for Driving

More goes into car ownership than the price of gas. Your insurance costs, driver safety, road conditions, repair costs, congestion, and uninsured drivers all play a role in driving.

Here is the information for each state and category. You can search the state by entering the name in the box, you can scroll through all the states, and you’re able to hit the arrows to see the rankings for each category.

State Rank Insurance Traffic Deaths Gas Price Uninsured Drivers Repair Costs Roads Extra Costs Traffic Congestion
North Dakota31.90%1.18$2.966.8%$34044%$23710.22
New Hampshire71.52%0.76$2.779.9%$34654%$25980.32
North Carolina142.18%1.2$3.436.5%$37545%$24174.57
South Dakota222.59%1.38$2.797.7%$36561%$32413.11
District of Columbia272.35%0.87$2.8015.6%$403----214.29
South Carolina302.35%1.8$2.569.4%$37040%$25554.59
New Jersey321.99%0.82$2.7614.9%$38566%$601152.02
New Mexico352.96%1.35$2.9420.8%$36144%$29126.40
West Virginia362.22%1.51$2.8410.1%$35947%$27341.61
New York412.85%0.77$2.786.1%$37760%$40393.02
Rhode Island463.00%1.04$2.8515.2%$38070%$467144.74

Now that we’ve listed all the results, let’s dive into each category.


Percentage of Annual Income Spent on Car Insurance

We took the average costs of car insurance by state and the yearly median income. With that data, we figured out the percentage of annual income spent on car insurance.

Using income data is important. It allows you to see how much of a person’s income is going toward insurance. Someone making $100,000 annually will have an easier time paying a $1,500 car insurance rate than a person making $30,000.

We found that the states where people pay on average the highest percentage of their income on car insurance are Michigan, Louisiana, and Florida. Drivers in all three states spend an average of more than 4 percent of their income on auto insurance.

The states with the lowest percentage of income going to car insurance are New Hampshire, Alaska, and Maine.

Don’t fret if you live in a state with high car insurance costs. There are still ways to reduce your premiums. One option is to shop around for car insurance to make sure you get the best deal. Each insurer uses unique formulas to figure out rates, so get quotes from multiple companies to see which deal is best for you.

Deaths Per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled

Safety on the roads is a critical component in our study. We weighed insurance costs and deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled the highest out of the metrics.

Massachusetts and Minnesota have the lowest rates of deaths per 100 million vehicles miles traveled. The worst numbers in this category are Mississippi and Louisiana.

Percentage of Roads in Poor/Mediocre Condition

U.S. Department of Transportation offers a percentage of roads in poor and mediocre condition by state.

You might not be surprised that the states with the highest percentage of roads in poor or mediocre condition are all places with rough winters.

Connecticut and Illinois topped the list with 73 percent of roads in poor or mediocre condition. Wisconsin, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Rhode Island are all also above 70 percent.

On the other end are Indiana (17%), Georgia, and Nevada.

Annual extra vehicle repairs/operating costs per motorist due to driving on bad roads

We collected U.S. Department of Transportation data to see how much bad roads are costing drivers on average for each state.

New Jersey tops the list with drivers averaging $601 in extra vehicle repairs and operating costs. California and Hawaii round out the three most expensive.

Cheapest are Georgia (only $60), Florida, and Alabama.

Traffic Congestion

Gauging a state's traffic congestion is an inexact science. Reports that explore traffic and congestion usually focus on cities or metro areas.

Instead, we used states' public road mileage and the number of registered vehicles to figure out the number of registered vehicle by road miles.

The state with the most registered cars per public road mileage may surprise you -- Hawaii. The Aloha State is followed by the District of Columbia, New Jersey, Delaware, and California.

The states with the lowest number of registered cars per public road mileage are North Dakota, South Dakota, and Kansas.

Average Gas Prices

Gas prices play an important part in the cost of owning a vehicle. A state’s gas taxes and even its location play roles in the average cost of gas.

We used AAA data to find the average gas price for a gallon of regular gasoline. The average was $2.87 when we pulled the numbers on April 29, 2019. The average gallon of gas has gone up 20 cents since April 2018.

Alaska, Missouri, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Mississippi all average less than $2.60 per gallon.

California has the highest gas -- more than $4 per gallon. The average Golden State gallon of regular gas has gone up about 50 cents in a year.

Percentage of Uninsured Motorists

You probably don't think about uninsured motorists when you're driving, but they're there. Thirteen percent of American drivers are uninsured, and one state has double that amount. Uninsured motorist coverage protects you if an uninsured driver hits you.

The states with the highest percentage of uninsured drivers are Florida (26.7 percent), Mississippi, and New Mexico.

Places in which uninsured drivers are not as much of a problem are Maine (4.5 percent), New York, and Massachusetts.

The average cost of car repairs

The average cost of car repairs doesn't vary as widely as car insurance costs, but it's still good to see the differences.

Michigan again was the cheapest place to get your car fixed this year, and the average even dropped $10 over the past year, according to figures from CarMD. The District of Columbia is the most expensive place for car repairs.

Driving: Best and Worst States Mapped Out

States Ranked in
top third for being best for driving
middle third for being best for driving
bottom third for being best for driving
*Please select/enter valid state
  • Alaska (AK)
  • Alabama (AL)
  • Arizona (AZ)
  • Arkansas (AR)
  • California (CA)
  • Colorado (CO)
  • Connecticut (CT)
  • Washington D.C. (DC)
  • Delaware (DE)
  • Florida (FL)
  • Georgia (GA)
  • Hawaii (HI)
  • Idaho (ID)
  • Illinois (IL)
  • Indiana (IN)
  • Iowa (IA)
  • Kansas (KS)
  • Kentucky (KY)
  • Louisiana (LA)
  • Maine (ME)
  • Maryland (MD)
  • Massachusetts (MA)
  • Michigan (MI)
  • Minnesota (MN)
  • Mississippi (MS)
  • Missouri (MO)
  • Montana (MT)
  • Nebraska (NE)
  • Nevada (NV)
  • New Hampshire (NH)
  • New Mexico (NM)
  • New York (NY)
  • New Jersey (NJ)
  • North Carolina (NC)
  • North Dakota (ND)
  • Ohio (OH)
  • Oklahoma (OK)
  • Oregon (OR)
  • Pennsylvania (PA)
  • Rhode Island (RI)
  • South Carolina (SC)
  • South Dakota (SD)
  • Tennessee (TN)
  • Texas (TX)
  • Utah (UT)
  • Vermont (VT)
  • Virginia (VA)
  • Washington (WA)
  • West Virginia (WV)
  • Wisconsin (WI)
  • Wyoming (WY)

Regardless of your experience on the road, you can still save on car insurance by comparing car insurance rates, says Penny Gusner, consumer analyst. Each insurance company assesses risk differently, so pricing varies significantly for the same coverage among insurers. See average car insurance rates for your ZIP code, as well as the highest and lowest rate fielded from up to six insurers, so you know what you can expect to pay and don't overspend when buying a policy.

Weighted rankings were calculated based on the following:

Percentage of annual income spent on car insurance -- 20%

Deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled -- 20%

Annual extra vehicle repairs/operating costs due to driving on roads in need of fixing per motorist -- 15%

Traffic congestion -- 15%

Average regular gas prices -- 10%

Percentage of roads in poor/mediocre condition -- 10%

Percentage of uninsured motorists -- 5%

The average cost of car repairs -- 5%

Average Annual Cost of Insurance commissioned Quadrant Information Services in 2019 to calculate auto insurance rates from six large carriers (Allstate, Farmers, GEICO, Nationwide, Progressive and State Farm) in 10 ZIP codes per state.

Rates are based on full coverage for a single, 40-year-old male who commutes 12 miles to work each day, with policy limits of 100/300/50 ($100,000 for injury liability for one person, $300,000 for all injuries and $50,000 for property damage in an accident) and a $500 deductible on collision and comprehensive coverage. The hypothetical driver has a clean record and good credit. The rate includes uninsured motorist coverage. Actual consumer rates will depend on individual driver factors.

We averaged rates in each state for the cheapest-to-insure 2019 model-year versions of America’s 20 best-selling vehicles and ranked each state by that average.

Median Household Income

2017 U.S. Census data

Deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2016

Traffic Congestion

Federal Highway Administration 2015 data for the number of registered vehicles (published in 2017) and 2015 data for public road mileage (published in 2016).

Gas Prices

American Automobile Association, April 29, 2019

Percent of Roads in Poor/Mediocre Condition

Estimated cost per motorist in the state to repair roads and bridges

U.S. Department of Transportation, 2016

Uninsured Motorists

Insurance Information Institute, 2015 (posted in 2017)

Repair Costs

CarMD, 2018

Note: Some of these data points did not include the District of Columbia. In those cases, we gave the district the median rating in the weighted average.