California driving records can be a little confusing. You may wonder what a vehicle code violation is on your record or what it means to your insurance rates.

To find out the meaning of each code, see the charts below, organized by the number of points they add to your record. Your insurance rates may be affected by violations your insurance company sees on your driving record.

California DMV driving record codes

  • COURT – Courthouse Number
  • DL/NO – Driver’s License Number
  • B/D – Birth Date
  • RES ADD – Residential Address
  • HT – Height
  • WT – Weight
  • LIC/ISS – License Issued
  • EXP – Expires
  • VIOL/DT – Violation Date
  • SEC/VIOL – Section Violated
  • DKT/NO – Docket Number
  • VEH/LIC – Vehicle License

One-point California vehicle code violations

Code and Section Violation
VEH 2800Disobedience to a traffic officer
VEH 2800.1Evading peace officer
VEH 2801Disobedience to a fire official
VEH 2803, 2803a, 2803b, 2803cUnsafe vehicle load
VEH 2815Disregarding non-student crossing guard
VEH 2816Youth bus/children crossing highway
VEH 2817Disregarding funeral escort officer
VEH 2818Crossing safety flares/cones
VEH 14601.5Driving, suspended/revoked for refusing a test
VEH 14603Violation of license restrictions
VEH 21100.3Disregarding traffic officer’s directions
VEH 21209, 21209aDriving in a bicycle lane
VEH 21367, 21367a, 21367b, 21367cDisobedience to traffic signs/controller
VEH 21451, 21451a, 21451bIllegal movement/green light/arrow
VEH 21452, 21452aIllegal movement/yellow light/arrow
VEH 21453, 21453a, 21453b, 21453cIllegal movement/red/light/arrow
VEH 21454, 21454a – d, 21455Traffic signals
VEH 21457, 21457a, 21457bDisobedience to flashing signals
VEH 21460a, 21460bDouble lines/one broken line
VEH 21460.5cUse of a two-way left turn lane
VEH 21461, 21461a, 21462Disobedience to a traffic control device
VEH 21650, 21650a – fKeep right
VEH 21651, 21651aCrossing divided highway
VEH 21652Entering a highway from a service road
VEH 21654, 21654a, 21654b, 21655, 21655bLane use/slow-moving vehicle
VEH 21655.8Diamond lane/entering/exiting
VEH 21656 – 21662, 21662a, 21662bImproper lane use
VEH 21663Driving on sidewalk
VEH 21664Freeway ramp/entering/exiting
VEH 21700Load obstructing a driver’s view
VEH 21701Interfering with a driver’s control of a vehicle
VEH 21702, 21702a, 21702bDriving hours limitation
VEH 21703, 21704, 21704a, 21705, 21706Following too closely
VEH 21707Driving in a fire area
VEH 21709Driving in a safety zone
VEH 21711Towed vehicle swerving
VEH 21712, 21712a, 21712d, 21712f, 21715, 21715a, 21715bUnlawful riding/towing
VEH 21717Turning across a bicycle lane
VEH 21750 – 21757, 21758, 21759Illegal passing
VEH 21800 – 21804, 21804a, 21804bRight-of-way
VEH 21805, 21805bYielding right-of-way to a horseback rider
VEH 21806, 21806aYielding right-of-way to emergency vehicle
VEH 21807Unsafe operation of emergency vehicle
VEH 21950, 21950a, 21951, 21952Yielding right-of-way to a pedestrian
VEH 21954, 21954bDue care for pedestrians on a roadway
VEH 21960aProhibited use of freeway
VEH 21963Yielding right-of-way to blind pedestrian
VEH 22100 – 22105Turing and U-turns
VEH 22106Unsafe staring/backing of vehicle
VEH 22107 – 22111, 22111a, 22111b, 22111cSignaling turns and stops
VEH 22112, 22112aSchool bus signaling
VEH 22348, 22348a, 22348cSpeed/use of designated lanes
VEH 22349, 22349.5Maximum speed
VEH 22350, 22351, 22352, 22352a, 22352bBasic/prima facie speed limit
VEH 22354, 22355Exceeding posted/freeway speed limit
VEH 22356, 22356bMaximum speed 70 mph
VEH 22357, 22358.4Speed in excess of local limits
VEH 22359, 22360, 22361Speed in excess of local limits
VEH 22362Speed/construction zone
VEH 22400, 22400a, 22400bDriving too slow
VEH 22405, 22405aSpeed/bridge/tunnel
VEH 22406, 22407Maximum designated vehicle speed
VEH 22409, 22410Speed/solid/metal tires
VEH 22413Speed limit on grades
VEH 22450, 22451, 22452, 22452a, 22452bStop required/railroad crossing
VEH 22454Stop for a school bus
VEH 23103, 23103a,23103 bReckless driving
VEH 23104, 23104aReckless driving/causing bodily injury
VEH 23109, 23109b, 23109dSpeed contest/aiding or abetting
VEH 23116, 23116aTransporting person in truckload space
VEH 23123, 23123.5Holding or operating a Cellphone
VEH 23127Driving on trails and paths
VEH 23140, 23140a, 23140bMinor driving with a BAC of 0.05% or more
VEH 23152, 23152a-dDUI/alcoholic beverage or drugs
VEH 23153, 23153a-dDUI/causing bodily injury or death
VEH 23220Drinking while driving
VEH 23222, 23222a, 23222bMarijuana or open container/driving
VEH 23235Ignition interlock verification
VEH 23244, 23244bDefeating ignition interlock device
VEH 23253Disobedience to toll highway officer
VEH 23270, 23270aUnauthorized towing
VEH 23330, 23330cWidth/load of a vehicle at a crossing
VEH 23336Disobedience to sign/vehicle crossing
VEH 24002, 24002a, 24002bUnsafe/unlawfully equipped vehicle
VEH 24004Operation after notice by officer
VEH 24250Lighting equipment
VEH 24409, 24409a, 24409bFailure to dim lights
VEH 24604Lamps/flag for extended load
VEH 25103, 25103a, 25103bLamps on projecting load
VEH 26301, 26302, 26302a, 26302b, 26302cBrakes
VEH 26303, 26304, 26304a, 26304bBrakes/combination vehicles
VEH 26307Forklift truck brakes
VEH 26311, 26311a, 26311b, 26311cAll-wheel service brakes
VEH 26456, 26457Brakes/stopping distance
VEH 26458, 26458a, 26458.5Braking system/towing vehicles
VEH 26502aAdjustment/use of air brakes
VEH 26503 – 26506, 26506a, 26507Airbrake system
VEH 26508, 26508a – c, 26508e – k, 26508oEmergency stopping system
VEH 26520, 26521, 26522Vacuum brakes
VEH 27360, 27360a – c, 27360.5, 27360a – cChild Passenger restraint
VEH 27363, 27363bChild seat belt
VEH 27800, 27801, 27801a, 27801bMotorcycle/passengers and equipment
VEH 29001, 29002Fifth wheel connecting/locking device
VEH 29003a, 29003b, 29003cHitch and coupling device
VEH 29004, 29004a – c, 29006, 29006aTowed vehicle coupling
VEH 29201Pole dolly/load and length
VEH 31301, 31301aCaldecott tunnel restrictions
VEH 31303, 31303b, 31303c, 31303eHazardous waste transportation
VEH 31402Farm labor vehicle/unsafe operation
VEH 31540, 31504bRemovable containers/regulations
VEH 31614, 31614a, 3164b, 31614d – f 31614h, 31614iExplosives transportation
VEH 32104, 32104a, 32104b, 32105, 32105a, 32105c-eInhalation hazard transportation
VEH 32106, 32106a – dInhalation hazard transportation
VEH 34102Tank vehicle regulations
VEH 34501.2, 34501a, 34501cDriving hours limitations
VEH 34506, 34506a – gDriving hours, equipment, maintenance, operation
VEH 34506.3Safety regulation violation
VEH 34509, 34509c, 34509dVanpool vehicle maintenance inspection
VEH 35784, 35784a, 35784bViolation of special permit
VEH 35784.5, 35784a, 35784bExtralegal load/weight
VEH 36400Lift-carrier/speed
VEH 36705Bale wagon load width during darkness

Two-point California vehicle code violations

Code and section Violation
VEH 2800.2, 2800.3Evading peace officer/reckless driving
VEH 14601, 14601a,14601 b, 14601.1- 14601.4Driving with a suspended/revoked license
VEH 20001, 20001a 20002, 20002a, 20002bHit and run/injury/property damage
VEH 21651bDriving wrong side/divided highway
VEH 22348bSpeed over 100 MPH
VEH 23103, 23103a,23103 bReckless driving
VEH 23104, 23104aReckless driving/causing bodily injury
VEH 23109a, 23109cSpeed contest /exhibition of speed
VEH 23140, 23140a, 23140bMinor driving with a BAC of 0.05% or more
VEH 23152, 23152a-dDUI/alcoholic beverage or drugs
VEH 23153, 23153a-dDUI/causing bodily injury or death
VEH 31602, 31602a, 31602b, 31602cExplosives transportation

Other common California code violations

Section Code Violation Points
49307 or 12059EducationDisobedience to school safety patrol1
191.5a, 192c1-192c4, 192.3c, 192.3dPenalVehicular manslaughter with gross negligence2
192c, 192.3, 192.3a, 192.3bPenalVehicular manslaughter without gross negligence1
27176Streets and highwaysSpeeding on Golden Gate Bridge1

Code of federal regulations violations

Section Violation Points
36423 or 36FR46DUI/alcoholic beverage or any drug2

For more information relating to California, see the California car insurance page.

Resources and Methodology


  1. State of California DMV. “Negligence.” Accessed January 2023.
  2. California Legislative Information. “Code Section.” Accessed January 2023.